Ethics & Morality


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Describe the pro’s and con’s in regard to this issue. We must preach righteousness and educate in a Christian way before any legislation will prove effective. For the pro-lifer, an unborn child is no less a human person simply because the child happens to be living inside Whoopi Goldberg or Cybil Shepherd. Not only do we know that we can cause these insults, we also know how we can cause them, and how we can prevent or remedy them. Moral self-licensing attempts to explain this phenomenon and proposes that self-image security increases our likelihood to engage in immoral behaviour.

Sacrifice, Scripture, & Substitution: Readings in Ancient


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Aristotle's demand for the virtuous person to decide on the virtuous action for its own sake is connected with two further claims: (a) the virtuous person must take pleasure in virtuous action as such; (b) in doing so, the virtuous person has the pleasantest life. Indeed, it is proposed that – in some situations – women should be granted a positive right to abortion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-psych-emp/ Driver, J. (2009).

The Soul in Suffering: A Practical Application of Spiritual


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Furthermore, sometimes the pursuit of the highest ends leads to fanaticism and this can be disruptive to attaining these needs. An Aristotelian argument that all sexual practices or preferences must serve the end of reproduction, which presupposes the axiom that there is a purpose to human sexuality that is limited to such an end, is not obviously the only possible construction of "rationality," even as it does not involve the only possible construction of the purposes of human sexuality.

Kant and the Barbarians



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An ethical issue brings systems of morality and principles into conflict. The third problem is that when one considers all of the behavioral demands made by various religions, there are some that are morally problematic. When using the materials please change the spelling to suit your local rules and preferences. The HC is the core and foundation of the theory, and it possesses firm and immutable features that are very difficult to attack and degenerate in the program; the PB is composed of auxiliary hypotheses for preventing the HC from being attacked; the NH and PH are both strategies embedded in the PB with separate functions to forbid rebuttals and to expand theory (Han & Jeong, 2009).

Accent on the Right (Large Print Edition)


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He also asks why ethics is taken to be a better answer to Socrates’ question than non-ethical answers. In effect it says that the right thing to do is whatever an individual wants to do--when it is this very condition of individuals pursuing any and every desire that generates normative thinking in the first place. "I should do whatever I want to do" is really the absence of an ethics. Still better if the life community is stable and diversified, and better yet if some of the life- forms are conscious and reflective (i.e., are moral agents or "persons").

Seven Figures in the History of Swedish Economic Thought:


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In considering the philosophy of ethics, Ecclesiastes 12:11-14 might apply: The words of the wise are like goads, their collected sayings like firmly embedded nails—given by one shepherd. Like Socrates and Plato, al-Razi believed that the soul on leaving the body will return to its original abode in the intelligible world, after passing through an endless cycle of purifications. Of course that produced an inefficient allocation of economic resources: not enough wheel-wrights in one place, too many in another.

Evil and Christian Ethics (New Studies in Christian Ethics)



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Knowing truth - The reality of the physical world, the validity of our sensory input, and the ability we have to correctly interpret the world is a given in the Bible. On the other hand, theories of virtue ethics are also affected by results of empirical research on moral identity in the field of moral psychology. We all know we’d help if needed, but the substance of our friendship does not revolve around mutual backscratching. Hypothetical: Applies only to some under certain circumstances. (�If X then do Y.�� or more usually, �If you want x then do y. ) Note: The imperative �Don�t smoke!� may look categorical.� But it is really an hypothetical imperative of the form, �If you want to avoid lung cancer, throat cancer, mouth cancer, emphysema, heart disease, and prematurely wrinkled skin, then don�t smoke.� But hypothetical imperatives are optional; they apply only to some people, some times under some circumstances (and not others).

With Open Hands


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Hauser, Marc, 2006, Moral Minds: How Nature Designed our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong, New York: Harper Collins. –––, 1658 and 1651 [1991], Man and Citizen, (translations of six chapters of De Homine (1658) and all of De Cive (1651)), edited by Bernard Gert, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1991. This bad thing has happened and we attribute it to the bad character of the agent in the foreground.

Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction


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This series has been uploaded following a request and information received that it was not easily available. Decidability and undecidability, completeness and incompleteness of formal systems. Taylor makes several observations: Hanna Arendt (The Human Condition) Bellah et al. (The Good Society) and De Tocqueville (De la D�mocratie en Am�rique) have raised concerns about this slide. Such a concept is hopelessly out of reach of a methodology which "begins" with "immediate" subjective experience and awareness.

The friend : a series of essays to aid in ...



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Attendance and participation, including taking class notes is required. Contemporary philosophers are also interested in the role of imagination in fictional immoral contexts (can we engage with immoral works of art and be justified in so doing?). The existentialists for their part have very little to say about the methods whereby value judgments may properly be established, and at times one has the impression that they, too, are dubious about the possibility of establishing value judgments as objective or universal truths.

Lying, Moral Choice in Public and Private Life